Xmanager FAQ

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How can I type and view Korean characters in Xstart connections?

The following instructions show how to configure your environment for Korean input/display in Xstart sessions. However, we recommend using the XDMCP sessions in Xbrowser due to its difficulty in configuration.

The followings are for enabling Korean input/output in Unix/Linux system.

  1. Your desired font is required.
  2. The following environment settings is required.
    a. Set Language
    b. Load Resource
    c. Set XFILESEARCHPATH
    d. Set XMODIFIERS
  3. Korean input server needs to be run. (Ex. linux: ami, solaris: HTT, DEC: dxhangulim, HP: xkim)
  4. Use X applications supporting Korean input/output.
For more specific information on the settings and commands suitable for your system, please refer to the following.
  • Sun Solaris
    2-a. $ LANG=ko; export LANG
    2-b. $ /usr/openwin/bin/xrdb -merge /usr/dt/config/ko/sys.resources
    2-c. $ XFILESEARCHPATH=/usr/dt/app-defaults/ko/%N%S ; export XFILESEARCHPATH
    3. $ /usr/openwin/bin/htt &
    4. $ /usr/dt/bin/dtterm &

  • HP
    2-a. $ LANG=ko_KR.eucKR
    2-c. $ XFILESEARCHPATH=/usr/dt/app-defaults/ko/%N%S
    2-d. $ XMODIFIERS=@im=_XIMP_ko_KR.eucKR#xkim.0
    3. $ /usr/bin/X11/xkim &
    4. $ /usr/dt/bin/dtterm &

  • AIX
    2-a. $ LANG=ko_KR
    2-b. $ DISPLAY=192.168.1.112:0 (Configure display settings properly.)
            $ /usr/bin/X11/xrdb -merge /usr/dt/config/ko_KR/sys.resources
    2-c. $ XFILESEARCHPATH=/usr/dt/app-defaults/ko_KR/%N%S
    4. $ /usr/dt/bin/dtterm &

  • DEC
    2-a. $ setenv LANG ko_KR.eucKR
    2-b. $ /usr/bin/X11/xrdb -merge /usr/dt/config/ko_KR.eucKR
    3. $ /usr/bin/X11/dxhangulim &
    4. $ /usr/dt/bin/dtterm &

  • Linux(General Linux including Redhat 9.0)
    2-a $ export LANG=ko_KR.euckr
    2-d $ export XMODIFIERS=@im=Ami
    3. $ ami &
    4. $ /usr/bin/X11/gnome-terminal &

  • Fedora Core 3 linux 1. Use Linux font server for UTF8 font support. To learn how to use the Linux font server, please refer to the following FAQ Link:


    2-a. $ export LANG=ko_KR.UTF-8 (or $ setenv LANG ko_KR.UTF-8)
    2-d. $ export XMODIFIERS=@im=htt (or $ setenv XMODIFIERS @im=htt)
    3. $ httx &
    4. $ xterm & (or $ gnome-terminal)

  • Fedora Core 4 Linux

    1. Use Linux font server for UTF8 font support. To know how to use Linux font server, please refer to the following FAQ Link:


    2-a. $ export LANG=ko_KR.UTF-8 (or $ setenv LANG ko_KR.UTF-8)
    2-d. $ export XMODIFIERS=@im=iiimx (or $ setenv XMODIFIERS @im=iiimx)
    3. $ iiimx &
    4. $ xterm & (or $ gnome-terminal)

    Korean characters are not displayed correctly.

    To view Korean in X application, the application must support the Korean character encoding. In case of terminal programs, it must support 2 byte characters. Try using hanterm, gnome-terminal, or konsole instead of xterm.

    If Korean characters are not displayed correctly although the X application supports Korean, it is because the Korean font package is not installed or necessary environment settings are not configured correctly.

    Following link provides the instruction on how to setup your environment :


    If the font used in your X application is not listed in the Font Catalogue, you may find it in our download page. If the problem persists, please try the following methods instead:

    You can view the list of available fonts in the Font Catagues in the Xconfig profile. Fonts used in your X applications must be installed in Xmanager before it can be displayed correctly.
    • Using font server (xfs):
      To run font server, please refer to the following FAQ Link:


    • Copying Unix/Linux font to Xmanager:
      In the Unix/Linux system console, use the following command to find the directory where your font is installed.

      $ xset q

      Copy the font directory you wish to use to "C:\Program Files\NetSarang\Xmanager 3\Fonts\" of your PC. (You can use Xftp to do this. Please select binary for the transfer type.) Then, run Xconfig to add the font directory including 'fonts.dir'. If you need add individual font instead of full set of font directory, or the font file is not in the format that Xmanager can read, please refer to Managing Fonts available in Xmanager Help.

    How can I run a font server and use it for Xmanager?

    To run a font server:

    Run the following command in the Unix/Linux machine.

    # xfs or fs[Enter]

    (In some Linux system and Solaris 8 or later version, a super daemon such as inetd is starting the command. You only need to register the font server in Xmanager.)

    (For some Linux system)
    If /etc/X11/fs/config file contains the following option, please comment it and restart the font server.

    no-listen = tcp ==>
    #no-listen = tcp


    To register the font server in Xmanager:

    [Xconfig] -> [Profile Properties] -> [Font Tab] -> [Add Font Server] -> Register Hostname (Font Server Address) and Port (7100)